Warranty And Indemnity Insurance

Warranty and indemnity insurance, commonly known as w&i insurance, is a policy that protects companies from financial loss by providing coverage for losses resulting from breaches of representations and warranties made in mergers and acquisitions. This type of insurance has become increasingly popular in recent years as parties in m&a transactions seek to allocate risks associated with representations and warranties.

W&i insurance can also help facilitate the negotiation process by allowing buyers to increase their bid without the additional risk and can provide sellers with greater protection against claims made after the transaction is completed. With the growing demand for protection in m&a transactions, w&i insurance has become a valuable tool for buyers and sellers.

In this article, we delve into the details of w&i insurance, including its coverage, key benefits, and how it can impact m&a transactions. We also explore the types of situations that may necessitate w&i insurance and provide insights on how to ensure your w&i policy aligns with your risk appetite and m&a goals.

Warranty And Indemnity Insurance

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What Is Warranty And Indemnity Insurance?

Warranty and indemnity insurance is a type of insurance policy that is becoming increasingly popular amongst m&a practitioners. It provides coverage for any losses that may occur to the buyer as a result of any inaccuracies in the seller’s representations and warranties.

In this blog post, we will discuss the key features of warranty and indemnity insurance, how it works, and differentiate it from other insurance policies in the market.

Definition Of Warranty And Indemnity Insurance

Warranty and indemnity insurance, also known as “reps & warranties insurance” or “transaction liability insurance,” offers coverage to buyers in the event of any financial loss arising from a breach of representations and warranties made by the sellers in a merger or acquisition deal.

It aims to bridge the gap between the indemnity offered by the sellers and the liability assumed by the buyers.

Explanation Of Its Working Mechanism

Warranty and indemnity insurance is designed to protect the buyer’s interest in m&a transactions by transferring the risk of seller warranties and indemnities to an insurance provider. The buyer purchases this insurance policy and pays the premium. The policy then provides coverage to the buyer in the event of a breach of warranty or indemnity given by the seller.

If a claim is made, the buyer is required to follow the insurer’s claim procedures.

Key Features Of Warranty And Indemnity Insurance

Some of the key features of warranty and indemnity insurance include:

  • It is an effective way of mitigating risks and is a deal-enhancing tool.
  • It provides coverage for unknown, unintentional or fraudulently omitted breaches of representations and warranties made by the seller.
  • It is a non-recourse protection mechanism for the buyer.
  • It can be customized to fit the specific needs of the m&a transaction.
  • It is often used as an alternative to escrow or holdback.

Comparison With Other Insurance Policies

Warranty and indemnity insurance is unique compared to other insurance policies, such as directors and officers liability insurance or general liability insurance since it specifically protects against m&a transaction risks. It provides coverage for the breach of the seller’s warranties and indemnities.

Directors and officers liability insurance, on the other hand, provides protection for the directors and officers of a company. Additionally, general liability insurance primarily covers the financial risk posed by accidents at the workplace.

Warranty and indemnity insurance provides an extra tool in the arsenal of m&a practitioners looking to mitigate risk. It is not a substitute for comprehensive due diligence, but it can provide the protection necessary to close a deal. As m&a transactions continue to become increasingly complex, warranty and indemnity insurance is going to become an increasingly popular tool in the m&a tool kit.

Importance Of Warranty And Indemnity Insurance

Why Do Businesses Need Warranty And Indemnity Insurance?

Warranty and indemnity (w&i) insurance has become an essential element in mergers and acquisitions (m&a) transactions. It offers vital protection for purchasers against any unexpected loss or material breach. Here’s why w&i insurance is necessary for businesses:

Protection Against Potential Risks

M&a transactions always have inherent risks, which potential buyers must consider before purchasing. W&i insurance offers indemnification and extensive coverage that protects buyers from unknown breach or warranty damages. It ensures that the purchaser doesn’t bear the entire responsibility of any future loss, and the target company is still responsible for its liabilities.

  • W&i insurance provides tailored protection to the requirements of the policyholder, protecting the acquirer from future financial loss resulting from warranty breaches.
  • For the buyer, w&i insurance provides an initial safety net by reducing any financial risk in the transaction.
  • The seller also benefits from w&i insurance since it enhances the buyer’s confidence, speeds up the transaction process, and makes the deal move smoothly.

Understanding The Value Of W&I Insurance

W&i insurance enables the buyer to pursue a deal with confidence and low risk, allowing them to focus on the bigger picture of acquiring the target company. It improves the transaction process, reduces the costs and time required to handle indemnification claims.

  • Buyers can gain a lot of leverage in the deal-making process, knowing that they are protected if risks occur.
  • Unlike traditional indemnity provisions, w&i insurance offers buyers and sellers the advantage of negotiating on a level playing field with defined risks and premiums.
  • W&i insurance also helps buyers to determine the quality of the target company and the potential cash flow from targeted investments by lowering the likelihood of unexpected warranty claims or breaches.
  • W&i insurers employ experienced legal, financial, and insurance underwriting professionals to give a comprehensive review of companies in m&as, ensuring that buyers have complete knowledge of the risks involved.

Impact Of W&I Insurance On M&A Transactions

W&i insurance has revolutionized m&a transactions in several ways and has become a critical instrument for buyers in the market.

  • W&i insurance offers buyers the protection to pursue their goals and transact efficiently, making it possible to close a deal quickly and confidently.
  • It significantly reduces time investment and legal expenses, enabling a transaction to be completed within the desired timelines.
  • W&i insurance also functions as a guarantor that ensures that the target company is held responsible for its existing problems, issues, or liabilities.
  • Its use has increased significantly over the years, making it a standard instrument in m&a transactions in various industries, including private equity, infrastructure, and real estate.

Warranty and indemnity insurance provides an extra layer of protection for buyers in m&a transactions in case of unexpected warranty breaches or other liabilities. Its use has increased significantly with its numerous benefits in the market. It is essential for businesses seeking to finalize a transaction quickly and efficiently while reducing their liability and legal expenses.

Types Of Warranty And Indemnity Insurance

Warranty and indemnity insurance, commonly known as w&i insurance in the m&a world, is increasingly becoming indispensable for buyers and sellers. Both parties can benefit from this kind of insurance as it offers cover for potential financial losses from breach of warranty or claims made during the negotiation or transaction period.

In this blog, we will focus on types of warranty and indemnity insurance. Continue reading below to learn more.

Buyer-Side W&I Insurance:

When it comes to m&a transactions, buyers are usually the ones who implement w&i insurances as they want to protect themselves from financial losses. Here are some key points to remember about buyer-side w&i insurance:

  • Designed to cover financial losses as a result of any breach of representation or warranty by the seller.
  • Buyers can claim compensation for any losses that arise from issues such as breaches in intellectual property rights or failure to comply with health and safety regulations.
  • The insurance policy provides a more comprehensive and straightforward pathway to compensation, unlike traditional indemnity claims that require the buyer to establish a legal violation.

Seller-Side W&I Insurance:

As the name suggests, seller-side w&i insurance is insurance purchased on behalf of the seller to protect them against any legal or financial disputes that might arise after the transaction period. Let’s look at some of the key aspects of seller-side w&i insurance.

  • Protects the seller against any financial losses that may occur as a result of claims made against breach of warranty.
  • Helps the seller secure the best possible price for the sale of their business by minimizing the risk of litigation after the deal is completed.
  • This type of insurance is important for sellers who want to sell their business and move on with their lives.

Standalone W&I Insurance:

Standalone w&i insurance is a separate insurance policy that is purchased by either the buyer or the seller rather than being included in the transaction document. Here are some key points to remember about standalone w&i insurance:

  • It is a separate insurance policy explicitly designed for m&a transactions.
  • It is bespoke and can be tailored to meet the needs of both the buyer and seller.
  • Standalone w&i insurance is an excellent way of invalidating the need for escrow accounts or other types of security mechanisms, which can be costly and time-consuming.

Tax Liability Insurance:

Tax liability insurance is another form of indemnity insurance that is becoming increasingly popular. This insurance covers any losses incurred as a result of tax disputes and inconsistencies in accounting and financial records. Here are some key facts to remember about tax liability insurance:

  • This insurance is designed to protect both buyers and sellers from financial losses due to tax disputes and errors.
  • Tax liability insurance is tailored to meet the financial and legal needs of the particular transaction, such as mitigating financial risk for buyers and preventing any post-transaction claims for the seller.
  • Buyers can use this insurance to cover any losses incurred due to incorrect calculations of tax obligations while sellers can use it to protect against the risks that arise from contractual obligations.

Understanding each type of warranty and indemnity insurance is crucial for buyers and sellers alike. Knowing the different types of insurance available will help you protect your financial interests and avoid any unwanted litigation.

W&I Insurance: Key Coverage Areas

Warranty and indemnity insurance is a critical type of insurance for mergers and acquisitions involving high-value deals. This insurance type provides coverage to protect the parties involved in the transaction against any financial loss that may arise due to a breach of warranties or claims resulting from the transactions.

We will explore the key coverage areas provided by w&i insurance.

Legal And Tax Due Diligence

Due diligence is a critical aspect of mergers and acquisitions. It helps to identify potential risks and legal liabilities associated with a transaction. With w&i insurance, the lawyers conducting the due diligence can identify potential risks and seek coverage accordingly.

Some of the critical areas where legal and tax due diligence may come into play include:

  • Compliance with laws and regulations
  • Environmental issues
  • Employee benefits
  • Corporate governance
  • Intellectual property

Financial Guarantee

The financial guarantee provided by w&i insurance protects parties against any financial loss that may arise due to a breach of warranty. The insurance covers losses due to unknown issues that may arise after the transaction and help to ensure that the buyer’s investment is protected in case of a breach of warranties.

Breach Of Warranty

A warranty is a promise made in a contract, and if a warranty is breached, the affected party can seek legal remedies. W&i insurance covers breaches of warranty for a wide range of issues that may arise as a result of an acquisition, including:

  • Inaccurate financial statements
  • Breach of contracts
  • Tax liability issues
  • Environmental liabilities

Fraudulent Claims

Fraudulent claims may arise during a merger or acquisition transaction, and w&i insurance provides coverage to protect parties from financial loss. The insurance company conducts a detailed investigation to identify fraudulent acts before a policy is issued.

Third-Party Claims

W&i insurance covers third-party claims that may arise due to a breach of warranty. Third-party claims can be complex, expensive, and time-consuming to resolve, and w&i insurance provides coverage to ensure parties are protected from financial loss.

W&i insurance provides coverage for specific areas that are crucial in mergers and acquisitions transactions. The insurance protects all parties involved in the transaction, including buyers, sellers, and investors, from potential risks that are inherent in this type of transaction.

With w&i insurance, parties can carry out transactions with confidence, knowing that any potential financial risks are covered.

Choosing The Right W&I Insurance Policy

Before purchasing a w&i insurance policy, there are important considerations that you should keep in mind. Here are some essential things to think about when choosing the right policy:

  • ### things to consider before selecting a policy
  • You need to ensure that the policy’s coverage matches the specific requirements of the transaction. For example, if the transaction involves real estate, then you should look for a policy that covers title and zoning issues.
  • Another factor is the size of the deal. Larger transactions will require more coverage, and therefore, a higher premium.
  • The policy should also have a sufficient level of indemnity limit to cover the risks that may arise in the transaction.
  • Lastly, the underwriter’s reputation and experience should also be taken into consideration.
  • ### factors affecting the cost of the policy
  • The risk profile of the transaction is one major factor that affects the cost of w&i insurance. The higher the risk, the more expensive the policy will be.
  • The premium will also be determined based on the size of the transaction and the level of coverage required.
  • The underwriter’s expertise, claim paying history and overall reputation will also influence the price.
  • ### hiring an experienced broker
  • It’s highly recommended to hire an experienced broker to navigate the market of insurers and policies. They can typically access more markets and can help you find better rates.
  • Brokers can also provide you with valuable advice about which policy is best suited for your situation and help you get the coverage you need.
  • ### tips to negotiate w&i insurance policy
  • Be sure to review the terms and exclusions of the policy and negotiate with the underwriter to improve the terms if necessary.
  • Consider purchasing the policy before signing the letter of intent as this can help avoid time pressure during the negotiation process.
  • Understand which provisions are likely to be the most contentious and identify whether there are ways to obtain specific carve-outs in the policy to cover them.
  • Ensure that the legal due diligence has been thoroughly carried out and disclosed to the insurer.
  • Work with an experienced broker to help you negotiate the best possible terms.

Frequently Asked Questions For Warranty And Indemnity Insurance

What Is Warranty And Indemnity Insurance?

Warranty and indemnity insurance provides protection for mergers and acquisitions by safeguarding against potential liabilities and damages that may arise after the transaction is completed.

Who Needs Warranty And Indemnity Insurance?

Both buyers and sellers involved in mergers and acquisitions can benefit from warranty and indemnity insurance. This insurance can help protect the buyer from undisclosed liabilities and the seller from potential lawsuits.

How Does Warranty And Indemnity Insurance Work?

Typically, the buyer or seller will purchase the policy, which provides coverage for losses resulting from breaches of warranties or indemnities provided during the m&a process. The policy will outline the terms and conditions for coverage.

What Is The Duration Of Coverage For Warranty And Indemnity Insurance?

Coverage durations vary depending on the terms of the policy and the m&a transaction. Typically, coverage remains in effect for a set period following the completion of the transaction, typically between one and seven years.

How Much Does Warranty And Indemnity Insurance Cost?

The cost of warranty and indemnity insurance varies depending on the transaction and the level of coverage needed. Typically, the premium is between 1% and 3% of the limit of liability purchased. The cost may also vary depending on the insurer and the specific terms of the policy.

What Are The Benefits Of Warranty And Indemnity Insurance?

Warranty and indemnity insurance provides peace of mind for both buyers and sellers during the m&a process. It can also expedite the process by providing additional protection that may reduce the need for lengthy negotiations over representations and warranties.


As we have delved into in this article, warranty and indemnity insurance is a vital protection for both sellers and buyers in a merger or acquisition deal. This policy helps mitigate risks and uncertainties that come with these transactions and provides assurance to both parties.

With the right insurance partner and policy, parties can enjoy the benefits of transactional insurance, closing deals with greater confidence, and avoid costly disputes. You must ensure to choose a competent insurance broker that can provide you with the right level of coverage and assist you in the underwriting process.

By having w&i insurance, you can have peace of mind knowing you are protected from any unforeseen issues that may arise. So, if you’re involved in a merger or acquisition deal, make sure to consider warranty and indemnity insurance to avoid any risks and potential litigation that may occur.

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